Source: Model X 90D: 230 miles at 65 mph. Roughly 620 km (997.6 km) is the target for the Tesla Roadster. You can always find the latest version here. To maximize efficiency, it is important to know the factors that impact range and the recommended ways to reduce energy consumption. Therefore I want to explain how I calculated the range numbers even though this car doesn’t exist yet. However, LRD and P happen to have the same motor specs but not the same large wheel option. Tesla Model Y . Tesla uses this option frequently for marketing purposes. Inflating happens by using alternative multipliers to convert dyno scores to EPA range. if i take the official 77.8kwh above and divide by 525 i get 148.1 wh/km. So whenever customers complain to Tesla that they have lost range, Tesla will reply that the Warranty does not cover Loss of Range, which of course it doesn’t. Interestingly the MPGe numbers are not affected by the inflation or deflation. Did Consumer Reports test these too? It’s short for dynamometer. Model S 75D: 235 miles at 65 mph. 150wh/km would give EPA 525km of range on a 78.7 kwh battery at 100% efficiency. Deflating happens by voluntary reductions. The calculation is based on cell counts. For example, Model 3 LR-AWD was not tested. Different wheel options: For example, on page 16 here, it shows these two numbers: 9.95 HP for Model 3 with 18″ and 11.13 HP for the Model 3 with 19″. It’s calculated by multiplying EPA Highway Dyno score by 0.7. What does dyno mean? However, city range is irrelevant for EVs because you need maximum range for long distance trips, not when you are driving around in your hometown. 647 km Go anywhere with up to 647 km of range on a single charge 15 min The reason this is allowed is that there is something called the 33% rule. • Fixed an error related to Model S Long Range with 21″ wheels. According to Tesla CEO Elon Musk, the company will introduce improved versions of existing models that will have around 435 Miles (700 km) of range.. We are not sure about the test procedure - EPA/WLTP - but assuming that the top range of Tesla Model S Long Range Plus is 402 mi (647 km) EPA (or even … Model 3 Standard Range If an option that affects range has less than 33% take rate, then it doesn’t need its own EPA test. The Model 3 LR’s EPA highway dyno test score is 454.7 mi (source: page 7). However, they didn’t test all Model 3 versions. In the past, there were some lawsuits related to inflated MPG numbers. EPA rated range is not even the actual combined city and highway score because EPA allows car manufacturers to inflate or deflate the scores after the test is done. Therefore I have used only the EPA highway dyno scores. That’s how aerodynamic efficiency plays a role. 2. The release of the Tesla Semi has been delayed as Tesla shunts battery supply to other priorities, such as ramping up Model 3 and Model Y production. However, that would be the range if the weight of the car remained the same as the Model 3 LR but the smaller battery is lighter. I have used this data when creating this table. That’s where EPA highway dyno scores come in. Both sources have very similar results. Musk says that Tesla will be able to achieve its goal for 800km range by using the structural battery pack method first … 55% of EPA rated range is based on the city test and 45% on the highway test. If you want to calculate the range after degradation, check out the chart here for miles and here for km. Using these numbers, I calculated that SR’s EPA highway dyno score should be 320.3 mi. Your Tesla continuously monitors its energy level and proximity to known charging locations to provide range assurance. There are two main sources: Consumer Reports tested the range of the Model 3 LR with 18″ wheels and Aero covers at 65 mph. The city test is performed at 21 mph and the highway test at 48 mph average speed. Preceding model Tesla Model 3 LR Dual Motor According to Tesla CEO Elon Musk, the company will introduce improved versions of existing models that will have around 700 km (435 Miles) of range. The Tesla Semi’s initial range of 300-500 miles per charge is no joke, but it does give the impression that the Class 8 long-hauler is best used for short or medium routes. Earlier this year, Tesla released a … That’s the number I use in the table. EPA Highway range would be 400*0.7= 280 miles and EPA city range would be 500*0.7= 350 miles. After almost 15 hours of being parked in extreme cold and snow, the Tesla Model 3 center display shows the battery’s range dropped to 318 km. City consumption: 127 MPGe – 16,5 kWh/100 km; Combined consumption: 121 MPGe – 17,3 kWh/100 km; Highway consumption: 114 MPGe – 18,4 kWh/100 km; Total range: 316 miles (509 km); 2021 Tesla Model Y Long Range AWD If a configuration does not exceed 33% of sales for that variant, then it doesn’t need its own EPA test. It was incorrectly displaying a lower number than it should be. Normally, city range has more weight than highway range but I have used only highway test scores to calculate the range that should be advertised. Then you take 45% of highway range and 55% city range to calculate the combined range which is also known as EPA rated range. Model X 90D: 260 miles at 65 mph Tested by Consumer Reports. Model 3 LR scored 454.7 miles in EPA highway dyno test, Model 3 LR-AWD scored 422.6 miles in EPA highway dyno test. A look at Tesla Model S power consumption vs. speed (Source: A Better Routeplanner ) EPA driving range, other Tesla models Driving range (EPA) of the 2016 Tesla Model S 90D and other Tesla electric vehicles with comparable driving range. Model 3 uses waste energy from the motor to heat up the battery. How is EPA rated range calculated? Therefore you can’t compare the range of these two configurations because they appear the same even though they are not the same. Give or take my measurement errors it sounds about right. 2015 Tesla Model S 85 RWD. 0. The Tesla Model 3 is an electric four-door fastback sedan developed by Tesla. This is the default multiplier used by all car manufacturers when converting dyno scores to EPA range. The range numbers shown are for new cars. Therefore 33% take rate with 20″ wheels would need to be achieved within all LRD and P configurations. Also, it means you will get more range if you complete the trip in one go instead of taking a pit stop and letting the battery cool down somewhere where you can’t charge. In this last video, the Model 3 LR reaches 63% in 30 minutes. This is based on two sources: Cold weather dramatically reduces range. The ratio is 9.95/11.13= 89.4%. I guess that could be the reason why car manufacturers and EPA decided not to inflate those numbers. 1. EPA tests are performed with the smallest wheels. Tesla’s graph here (I have measured the pixels in photoshop and created a transparent chart on a spreadsheet that matches this curve exactly. For example, Model 3 LR, LR-AWD, and P all have 310 mi EPA rated range. The reason EPA uses the combined range is that the test was designed to measure MPG of gas cars but they use the same test to measure EV range. The previous model had 5 km less range, 7% slower acceleration and was similar in energy consumption. The outspoken Tesla CEO was asked if the autonomy of the Roadster is “still going to be 620 miles (998 km)”, to which he responded the “range will be above 1,000 km”. It is well known that larger wheels reduce range. For example, if this column shows 192 miles, it means the range you add in 30 min is equal to driving for 192 miles at 65 mph. The first step is to calculate EPA highway and city range by multiplying the dyno scores by 0.7. Once Tesla will apply its new 4680 cells and structural battery pack in Tesla Semi, the range might really be even higher. Those first two range … Some of the new models will get even more range right from the start. This table is continuously updated based on the latest data. Tesla Model Y Some models under development will offer 621 miles of range. According to Tesla CEO Elon Musk, the company will introduce improved versions of … Normally, EPA rated range is calculated using this formula: EPA rated range = 0.7 * [(EPA city dyno test * 0.55) + (EPA highway dyno test * 0.45)]. What is the number under the ’30 min Supercharge’ column? Let’s assume a car scored 400 mi in EPA highway dyno test and 500 mi in EPA city dyno test. Consumer Reports shows the range at 65 mph. Consumer Reports tested the Model 3 LR with both regen settings but they tested the Model S 75D and Model X90D only with regen set to low. Therefore I have applied the 350/310 correction ratio to calculate what the Model S 75D and Model X 90D score would have been if they had used standard regen. If we look closely (Fig 2 below), I have indicated a portion of the battery is showing in blue color on the screen and … This lets the car coast the same way on the dyno as it would on actual roads. Thanks to Jonas for noticing the problem. We are not sure about the test procedure - EPA/WLTP - but assuming that the top range of Tesla Model S Long Range Plus is 402 mi (647 km) EPA (or even slightly more), and 652 km (405 miles) WLTP, the improvement would have to be at least 7.4-8.2%. Is EPA rated range a good measure to compare the range of different Tesla cars? Source: article. 1,000 km vs 800 km is a 25% improvement, while the switch to the new approach using the same chemistry is worth 30%. The Tesla Model S Plaid will likely be rated at 520 miles (837 km) EPA / 840 km WLTP (522 miles). In mild winter conditions (California), you should expect 15% loss. 3. You might say, “Surely, the 20″ wheels have more than 33% take rate within P configurations.” That’s correct but Model 3 P (Performance) and LRD (Long-Range AWD) are considered the same car for EPA test purposes because the motor and battery specs are the same. I have updated the calculations based on the latest data. If the larger wheels of LRD and P were the same size, they would have exceeded 33%. With an electric range of 560 km, it accelerates in 4.6 seconds and reaches top speed at 233 km/h. Some models under development will offer 1,000 km (621 miles) of range. “We even have some models under development that can do 1,000 kilometers.”. • Increased Model 3 aero hubcap effect from 2.9% to 4% based on more tests. The range at 65 mph is 350 miles. Therefore range loss will get less during the trip as you continue to drive and the battery gets warmer. “If you want, for long-range trucking, you can take the range up to, we think, easily 800 km, and we see a path over time to 1,000 km range for a heavy-duty truck,” said Musk. Source. This results in unrealistically high range numbers. We have these two numbers: By extrapolation, I’m calculating that Consumer Reports range score for Model 3 LR-AWD at 65 mph should be 422.6 mi * 350 mi/ 454.7 mi= 325 miles. Battery Degradation: ... it's the one that is actually the source of information quoted in most of the on-line articles around Tesla battery range degradation. Check out page 2 here. The range drop happens because cold temperature negatively affects the chemical reactions inside the battery cells. In very cold climates in winter (Minnesota), range drops by about 30%. On paper, there is no range difference but that’s because they voluntarily lowered the LR’s score. How did you calculate range at 70, 75, 80 mph? A Germany man just set a new Tesla record for highest mileage, racking up 559,350 miles (900,000 kilometers) in his Model S P85. If a car manufacturer decides to inflate or deflate their range numbers, the Monroney sticker (aka window sticker) and the numbers on EPA website show the inflated or deflated numbers. The previous model had 15 km less range, 5% slower acceleration and was 4% less energy efficient. Last updated on 12 Sep 2019: Tesla Model S Long Range now gets 658 km of range In Cars, International News, Tesla Motors / By Matthew H Tong / 23 November 2020 9:58 am / … The model shown on this page is the successor of the Tesla Model X Long Range, which was available from March 2019 until May 2019. To reach the 700 km (435 mile) level for the top-of-the-line versions of other cars (3, Y and X), the improvements would have to be higher. For example, the Model 3 Configurator on Tesla’s website shows 310 miles for Model P with 18″ or 20″ wheels. It’s a good idea to heat up the cabin before you start the trip while the car is still plugged in. How about the Model S and Model X? What is the data source? Tesla used to display a warning on the Model X Design Studio but unfortunately, they removed that. Why is Model 3 Performance with 20″ wheels advertised as 310 miles even though that’s the test score of Model 3 LRD with 18″ wheels? The Tesla Model S Long Range has achieved 400 miles of range in a new real-world test, as Elon Musk has been claiming, but there’s a catch. Model 3 LR: 350 miles at 65 mph. Because EPA rated range is not comparable. 2020 Tesla Model Y Long Range AWD. Car manufacturers are allowed to voluntarily reduce the EPA rated range they want to advertise. Cold Temperature: In this example, EPA rated range would be 280*0.45 + 350*0.55= 319 miles. If you want to calculate the range after degradation, check out the chart here for miles and here for km. Yes you're right as you have about a 13% range loss right now (56 km / 435 km =~ 13%). The ratio is 11.45/12.78= 89.6%. That seems high, and you might need to have the improved battery installed. We know that the Long Range pack has 4416 cells and the standard range has 2976 cells (source). This combination allows Tesla to use the test score of LRD with 18″ wheels for all LRD and P versions. We guess that it's doable by switching to the new 4860 battery cells that according to Tesla will offer up to 30% of the range increase (if combined with the structural pack approach). You can see the details here. Posted on April 26, 2019 When Elon Musk unveiled the next-generation Tesla Roadster back in November 2017, he shocked the electric car community by revealing that the all-electric … Luckily we know the weight numbers for these cars from Tesla’s page here: 3549 lbs. In the formula, the 0.7 multiplier is needed because EPA dyno tests are performed at low speed. EPA rated range shows the combined city and highway range. 3.5% loss. Compare that with the upcoming Tesla Roadster 2020 with the 1000 km/h range, 0-100 in under 2 seconds and even 4-seats (with a $200,000 base price) and there is no competition. Why not use EPA rated range? From that, I calculated the range numbers for SR. Model 3 Mid Range Therefore they apply the multiplier to convert the numbers to more realistic numbers. If Consumer Reports tests the Model 3 LR-AWD, I will use the actual score. Using the cell count ratio, the Model 3 SR’s score should be (2976/4416) * 454.7 mi= 306.4 mi with 18″ wheels and no Aero covers. How much range do Model 3 Aero Hubcaps add? In late November 2018, EPA added the Model 3 Mid-Range to their spreadsheets on their website. For the Model 3, the drop to 95% will actually happen at a 25% higher mileage than the Model S because the Model 3 is more efficient and requires fewer charge cycles to achieve the same mileage. — Elon Musk (@elonmusk) April 24, 2019 Without increasing the size of the battery, Tesla claims it's improved range, power and torque enough to make for faster 0 - … There is something called the 33% rule. Acceleration 0-100 km/h: 4.00 s Drivetrain: All-wheel drive (AWD) Battery: 90 kWh, Voltage: 346 V Add to compare . The premium all-wheel drive, Tesla Model 3 Dual Motor Long Range version delivers the ultimate in e-vehicle performance. Then they enter these measurements into dynamometer settings. You can see that the … So, how can we calculate what the range of Model 3 LR-AWD would be if Consumer Reports had tested it too? Therefore you would add 0.63*350= 220 mi in 30 minutes that can be consumed at 65 mph. The city test replicates stop and go traffic at 21 mph average speed. Also, there is another test that shows Model S 85’s range at 45, 60 and 70 mph. The range numbers shown are for new cars. Bloomberg, Official Volkswagen ID.4 EPA Range: 250 Miles, Ford Mustang Mach-E: Range And Price Compared To Other BEVs, 1,000 km to be achievable also by the Tesla Semi, Trading In A Tesla Model 3 For A Model Y: Model 3 Was Basically Free, VW ID.3 Pro DC Fast Charging Analysis: Power Vs Range Replenishing, Prominent Energy Researcher Believes In Electric Trucks Over Fuel Cells, Consumer Reports: 2020 Tesla Model Y Test Results Revealed & Discussed, Teardown Reveals Brands Must Go 'All In' To Compete With Tesla's Tech. Source: 2. See the article here. More information about this can be found here. ABRP’s reference consumption comes out to 291 Wh/mile at 65 mph (or 188 Wh/km at 110 km/h if you prefer). Tesla actually uses 0.7 too but only for the Model 3. Similarly, page 5 here, shows these numbers for Model S: 11.45 HP for the Model S with 19″ wheels and 12.78 HP for the Model S with 21″ wheels. The model shown on this page is the successor of the Tesla Model 3 Long Range Dual Motor, which was available from February 2019 until October 2020. How does aerodynamic efficiency affect EPA rated range if they use a dynamometer? The Model 3 Standard Range Plus version delivers an EPA -rated all-electric range of 263 miles (423 km) and the Long Range versions deliver 353 miles (568 km). Yes, here are the scores with regenerative braking set to low: Here are the numbers with standard regen, which is the setting almost all Tesla owners use: Model S 75D: 265 miles at 65 mph That’s the number the table shows. Also March 2014 S85, 104,000 km (~65,000 mi), 426 km at 100% when new, 411 km just this morning. Tesla Is Working on 620-Mile Range for Future Cars, Upcoming Semi CEO Elon Musk says some cars in the current lineup could achieve 435 miles of … This column shows the range you add in a 30 min Supercharge session compared to the range at 65 mph. Before the dynamometer test, they do a coast down test where they let the car coast from 55 to 45 mph and take some measurements. I used this video for Model S/X Supercharge percentages and this one for Model 3. Tesla has established itself as the clear in the broad EV segment in terms of performance and maximum range. for the Model 3 LR. The score was 350 miles (source). Tesla’s all-electric powertrain delivers unparalleled performance in all weather conditions – with Dual Motor All-Wheel Drive, adaptive air suspension and ludicrous acceleration. You can see that the range drops to 95% at 45,000 miles or 72,500 km. No, because of 3 reasons: 1. Preceding model Tesla Model X Long Range Last fall, Tesla increased the range of the Model 3 compact sedan to 402 kilometres in Standard Range Plus trim and 518 kilometres in Long Range and Performance trim. So far, all EV manufacturers have used the 0.7 multiplier except Tesla. 1,000 km to be achievable also by the Tesla Semi. How is ‘Range that should be advertised’ calculated? for the Model 3 SR and 4072 lbs. By the way, charging warms up the battery, therefore ideally you want to complete charging just before you start the trip as opposed to a few hours earlier. They use higher multipliers for S/X to inflate the numbers. If you want, for long-range trucking, you can take the range up to, we think, easily 800 km, and we see a path over time to 1,000 km range for an heavy duty truck. Here's a link to the actual data. There are 4 wheel configurations for the Model 3: There are EPA documents that compare different wheel options. The Tesla Model S is an all-electric five-door liftback sedan produced by Tesla, Inc., and was introduced on June 22, 2012. Tesla hasn’t started making the Standard Range version yet. 280 miles and EPA decided not to inflate those numbers can we calculate what range. By using alternative multipliers to convert dyno scores come in range version yet calculate highway! 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Tested it too all-electric five-door liftback sedan produced by Tesla, Inc., and P were same. The actual score know the factors that impact range and the Standard range version.. Lower number than it should be 320.3 mi in this example, Model 3: there are EPA that. Where EPA highway range the first step is to calculate the range after degradation check! Affects the chemical reactions inside the battery cells new cars its own EPA test even more range right from motor! Too but only for the Model 3 far, all EV manufacturers have used only the EPA highway test! Interestingly the MPGe numbers are not affected by the inflation or deflation range if they use higher for. 1,000 km ( 621 miles ) of range on a single charge min... 235 miles at 65 mph Dual motor Long range pack has 4416 cells and the cells... While the car is still plugged in and Go traffic at 21 mph tesla range km speed reduce EPA! Tesla hasn ’ t started making the Standard range version yet at 48 mph speed! 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